Carpet Super Mart

Return to Flooring Terms Glossary 

Carpet

 
Berber

Popular Berber Carpets are usually made in a loop construction with flecks of different colors. The term Berber actually refers to the flecks of color against a pale background.

Blend

A carpet containing a mixture of two or more types of fibers

Boucle
A heavily textured loop pile
Cable

A cut pile carpet that is formed by tightly twisting together two or more plied yarns, creating texture and dimension

Chenille
A fabric with a deep fuzzy pile often used for rugs as well
Chrome Dyes

Synthetic dyes that use potassium bichromate to form a permanent bond between the yarn and the dye They are more widely used than vegetable dyes because they are colorfast.

Cut Pile

Cut pile is probably the most popular construction. It’s durable because of the type of fiber used, the density of the tufts, and the amount of twist in the yarn. Highly twisted yarn will hold its shape longer, which makes it a smart choice for higher traffic areas.

Friezé (pronounced free-zay)

Friezé gives a room a contemporary look while making it a smart choice for any high traffic area in your home. Highly twisted yarns give friezés a contemporary look and make them a smart choice for any active part of your home. This style is less likely to show vacuum marks or footprints than other cut pile styles.

Gauge

The number of ends of pile yarn per unit length cut across the width of the carpet

Level Loop Pile
Loop pile with tufts of equal height or multi-level loops. Multi-level loops form beautiful patterns using solid colors. Loop carpets are marked by a continuous uncut surface that resists crushing and matting. This style wears well and is suited for casual rooms with lots of traffic and activity.
Loop-Cut-Loop (LCL)

LCL carpets combine cut and uncut loops to create a pattern available in solid colors and multi colors. There are infinite numbers of unique patterns from which to choose. This style is suited for both formal and contemporary looks.

Luster

Brightness or sheen of fibers or yarns

Multi-level loop pile

Carpet with loops of yarn at different heights, creating a sculptured effect

Nap

The pile yarns or the surface of a carpet

Pattern Cut Pile
Sophisticated look made using Saxony yarn, but generating a pattern look by tufting cut pile and loop pile with a level pile height.  Appropriate for formal or informal room schemes.
Ply
The thickness of a carpet yarn. 3-ply means that 3 strands of yarn are spun together to form the tuft.
Prints
These carpets feature a design printed directly onto the carpet for a stylish, often dramatic look.
Saxony

Saxony is similar to velvet, but it’s not quite as smooth. It has a dense level-cut pile, and the yarn tufts are closely packed, presenting a smooth, luxurious surface. It has a soft texture that is created by twisting fibers, then heating them to straighten the yarn. This style will show foot and vacuum marks. This is a good choice where you want a formal look in a room that has less traffic.

Semi-worsted

An extra step in wool processing that combs out shorter fibers, resulting in durable and lustrous yarns

Shag
Shags are back and more stylish than ever! The new shags combine a variety of yarn thicknesses and textures to make a trendy and bold statement in your home.
Tip-shear
These carpets have a unique patterned or textured appearance achieved by having some loops of yarn cut and some uncut. This luxurious finish minimizes footprints.
Transitional
A broad style category that falls between traditional and contemporary. Many floral patterns are included in this category.
Wool Sisal
Wool sisal-look carpets are very popular. The fashionable raw, woven texture of sisal is stylishly translated into the warmth, softness and durability of New Zealand wool.
CHARLES PHILLIPS